Irish Food: Taking a Bite from its Delightful Dishes

Irish Food: Taking a Bite from its Delightful Dishes

Updated On: May 08, 2024 by   Ciaran ConnollyCiaran Connolly

The world is a prominent place. While the expansiveness of our plant made us different, it worked in our favour. Our differences have helped introduce other cultures to the world. No matter your culture, there is always a new one to explore.

Cultures are usually all about customs and traditions; this involves different food types. Ireland is one of the countries that have their very own recipes and dishes. The world shares food from nearly everywhere; however, Irish food is the rarest type you can come across outside the borders of Ireland. They have more than a few delicious recipes that you will love to try out.

The Development of the Irish Cuisine

Every culture has its cuisine, and Ireland is no exception. People in Ireland have developed Irish cuisine significantly through the years. The reasons for the development involve the mixture of different cultures that have visited Ireland throughout the centuries. In the early 17th century, the English conquest significantly impacted Irish food.  That was because they took away the lands of the poor people and provided food for England.

Another thing that England did was replace the traditional Irish food with more sophisticated types. As a result, potatoes were the only food that poor people could afford through the 18th century. For that matter, the poor were the vast majority of the population. Consequently, people had often associated the potato with Ireland; they usually used the term “Irish Potato.”

Unfortunately, with the English conquest, a significant portion of delicious Irish food faded away for a long time. The good news is that the revival of Irish food occurred in the 21st century. The dishes became a bit more popular ever since the revival. The recovery of the traditional Irish food included Shepherd’s Pie, Irish stew, Colcannon, Coddle, Boxty and more. On the other hand, modern Irish food has shown up. Yet, they still use the old ingredients to create a delightful experience through their dishes.

Irish Food Through The History

The food of Ireland may not have gained popularity throughout the whole world. However, early Irish literature and mythology had many references to the most popular Irish dishes. The tales that featured Irish food included the story of Finn MacCool and the Salmon of Knowledge. Since Irish mythology is a mix of Celtic and Indo-European cultures, it has a mixture of different foods. One of the most popular Irish drinks is the mead. This drink is made of honey and is usually used in Irish wedding traditions.

The Mesolithic and Neolithic Periods

The diets of Irish people have changed considerably throughout history. From the Mesolithic period, seafood was the main component of any meal. People used to eat what was known as Middens; they were huge mounds of shellfish. Long after the Mesolithic people were gone, the Neolithic groups came. They introduced einkorn, barley, and emmer wheat. They even kept sheep, goats, and cattle for meat and milk.

During the Neolithic period, there were cooking sites for specific things. For example, fulacht fiadh was the name of a site where people cooked deer. This site has many holes in the ground where there is hot water in it. All across the islands of Ireland, there are many fulacht fiadh sites. Archaeologists claim that they date back to the Bronze Age, but people in Ireland have still used them recently to prepare the most delicious Irish food.

The Most Popular Traditional Irish Food

Most of the European nations’ cuisines are pretty prevalent. The same doesn’t apply to Irish cuisine; however, that has been starting to change over the last couple of years. Ireland is famous for producing the best beef and lamb around the world. Moreover, the country possesses extremely skilful chefs capable of creating exciting dishes. Irish food is no longer limited to potatoes; there are more than a few delightful dishes to indulge in. Familiarise yourself with the best traditional dishes you can try while in Ireland.

Irish Stew

Irish stew is one of the most prevalent Irish foods you will ever hear about. They come in a lot of different forms. On the other hand, there are specific recipes that Irish chefs usually use while cooking Irish stew. The recipes typically revolve around potatoes, lamb, and onions, the main ingredients of this sumptuous Irish food. This dish has been around for centuries; they are also more prevalent in winter. Irish stew is a warming dish that tastes more delicious when you add rosemary and thyme.


Pancakes are delicious, but here is a brand new form of it: boxty. This is the Irish version of pancakes. Boxty mainly consists of grated fried potatoes. Boxty is a prominent meal in the Irish food scene; some restaurants are even dedicated solely to this exceptional dish. Irish chefs usually add mixed beans, chicken, smoked bacon, cheese, roasted walnuts, and chilli.

Galway Oysters

Oysters are really delicious, but you can’t say you have eaten delicious oysters unless you taste those from Ireland. The country is known for having the best oysters, especially those from the County Galway; they are a true delicacy in Irish food. They have a superior taste that the whole world is familiar with.


Irish Food - Colcannon
Irish Food – Colcannon

Have you ever heard about Colcannon? It is another delicious dish that the Irish food collection embraces. Colcannon is a blend of mashed potatoes, milk, butter, kale, cabbage, salt and pepper. It is obvious how much Irish dishes appreciate the existence of potatoes. This particular dish has always been on the list of surprises. On Halloween, people hide surprises, sometimes rings, inside the dish for the eater to find.

Soda Bread

Irish Food - Soda Bread
Irish Food – Soda Bread

Among the loved carbs in Irish food lies the bread. Irish people love creating their bread. They even have a traditional Irish food known as Soda bread. The recipes of this traditional Irish dish have always been an inheritance; they go down from parents to children for generations. This Irish dish includes other main ingredients like buttermilk, salt, and flour.

Barm Brack

Irish Food - Bram Brack
Irish Food – Bram Brack

Barmbrack is among the traditional Irish foods; however, people in Ireland refer to it as just brack. To get to the main point, it is bread, but a sweet type. The bread contains raisins and sultanas. Among the Irish traditions, people usually serve this bread with a hot cup of tea. Sometimes, people use it to add particular objects to the dough to make a festive fortune-teller game. These objects usually include a pea, a ring, or a coin; the trend is usually around during Halloween. According to Irish customs, whoever gets to find a ring is more likely to marry throughout the year.


Dublin is the most popular Irish city for making this meal. Coddle is quite an eccentric dish to try. The meal is made from several leftovers; they use them to make a brand-new dish. However, the ingredients include bacon, onions, sausages, and potatoes. All ingredients should be put together and then steam them together. The way of making this dish is pretty strange, but surprisingly, Dubliners love this dish dearly. Famous authors like Jonathan Swift and Seán O’Casey have mentioned that coddle was their favourite meal. Reliable sources have also confirmed the latter information.

Boiled Bacon and Cabbage

Bacon is one of Ireland’s favourite foods. While boiling may not sound like the best way of cooking, this dish is tasty. The dish is all about boiling − boiled cabbage, boiled potatoes, and, of course, boiled bacon. Pork is an essential ingredient. To have the perfect dish ever, soak salted pork the night before. Make sure the pork pieces come from the pig’s shoulder and back.

Guinness Cake

Well, Irish people indeed have to satisfy their sweet tooth and cravings. Irish food has many ingredients that don’t deny people their right to indulge in delightful meals. Guinness cake is an Irish dessert, a moist chocolate cake. There is always an icing on the cake, usually a cream cheese.

Cockles and Mussels

Irish Food - Mussels and Cockles
Irish FooIrish Food – Mussels and Cockles

This is the cherry on top of the cake to the seafood lovers: the cockles and mussels. Surprisingly, the Wild Atlantic Way is not the only way to find this meal. If you are unaware of the cockles, they are small clams from salt water.

Dulse & Yellowman

Irish people, particularly those of Northern Ireland, celebrate Lammas Fair. The latter is a celebration that takes place during the summer. In this ceremony, people emphasise the importance of food. It may as well be more important than the party itself. During this annual summer gala, dulse and yellowman dishes appear. It was one of the most traditional dishes in Ireland. Dulse and Yellowman is predominantly a red seaweed chip with a sweet honeycomb toffee. On the contrary, some people enjoy this dish regularly and not only during celebrations.

Irish Breakfast

Around the world, breakfast usually consists of ready-made food. However, England cooks breakfast, while Irish food includes a fried breakfast. Over and beyond, some people may prefer sipping a cup of tea and having toast or soda bread as breakfast. An authentic Irish breakfast may include bacon, eggs, sausages and fried tomatoes. Surprisingly, some people love having more additions like hash browns, mushrooms, pork meat with oatmeal and baked beans.

Black & White Pudding

Irish Food - Black and White Pudding
Irish Food – Black and White Pudding

The Irish seemingly have some exciting discoveries you would love to indulge in. Among those discoveries lie the black and the white pudding. The black pudding is a mixture of pork ingredients- blood, fat, and meat- mixed with oatmeal and barley. The past ingredients usually include suet and sausage with an intense flavour. On the other hand, the white pudding is quite similar to the black one. However, it does not include blood in the ingredients. The black pudding is more popular worldwide than the white one. Conversely, any Irish breakfast usually consists of a slice of each.

Shepherd’s Pie

Irish Food - Shepherd's Pie
Irish Food – Shepherd’s Pie

Most of the Irish food is best eaten during the cold days of winter. This fact does not exclude Shepherd’s Pie from the list as well. It is a pie made in a bulky casserole with the main ingredients being lamb or mutton. On the other hand, people in modern times have altered some of the ingredients and made them with beef. It is one of Ireland’s favourite dishes and one of the most famous ones.


Champ is another Irish food that pretty much resembles Colcannon. People also refer to it as the colcannon’s cousin. However, this dish contains cheaper ingredients than colcannon. Thus, it is more common among people of the lower classes in Ireland. On the other hand, the dish is famous for showing up during Halloween, just like its cousin.

Green Irish Food and Desserts for St. Patrick’s Day

Saint Patrick’s Day is a fantastic holiday to celebrate. It has become a tradition that everything goes green on that specific day. People wear green, and the themes of the stores and shops go accordingly. Interestingly, food has become green, too; it has become a worldwide notion that green food is Irish food. It is not a fact; however, the statement is partially correct. If you are going to celebrate this day, then we need to introduce you to a list of green desserts. They are all mouthwatering and taste delicious as much as they seem.

Minty Milkshakes

Milkshakes are delicious, but you need to try out the minty ones. It is a stimulating blend of milk, vanilla, ice cream, and mint extract. Additionally, there is always food colouring that makes the drink become green. For a better green-themed drink, add striped straws, white and green.

Green Velvet Cupcake Shamrocks

Shamrocks are usually symbols that signify the big day of Saint Patrick’s Day. People in Ireland use them to create little cupcakes with green velvet to complement the day’s theme. The cupcakes come in trios and are served on a platter after the final finishes are added. The food colouring is what makes those tasty little pieces look fascinating.

Green Velvet Layer Cake

This is similar to the cupcake, but it is all about more layers and significant portions. It is an ordinary piece of cake, so the ingredients should depend on your preferences. However, adding green food colouring will turn the cake into a nice emerald piece of deliciousness. Don’t forget about the topping, too. It always tastes better with that buttercream frosting on top for extra fluffiness.

Shamrock Pretzels

This is the best dessert for those who love sweet and sour tastes. Those pretzels are green due to the addition of food colouring. They are made in trios, like cupcakes, to represent the shamrock.

Sugar Wafers

They are easy wafers that you can even make on your own. All you need is vanilla sugar wafers and green candy melts. It is always a good idea to add sprinkles here and there.

Peek-a-Boo St. Patrick’s Cake

This cake is a sign of creativity and deliciousness combined in superficial layers. Over the cake lies a green frosting to represent the day efficiently. Then, there is a surprise that you find once you cut the cake into slices. The shape of a rainbow shamrock is inside, with a delightful appearance of several colours.

Leprechaun Hat S’mores

Leprechauns were famous fairies that you can read about in tales of Irish mythology. People have always been familiar with these creatures wearing green attire. So, they are perfect for Saint Patrick’s Day. These delicious s’mores take the shape of the creature’s funny hat. They seem too cute to eat but also too flavoursome to resist.

Mint Chocolate Lasagna

People call it lasagna, which is all about mint chocolate layers. The best part about this cake is that you don’t need to bake it. Mix the ingredients and leave them in the fridge for about an hour, and then they’re ready for you to devour.

Green Doughnuts

If everything is green today, why can’t the doughnuts join the league? You can come across these doughnuts in almost every bakery shop. Some are made of green velvet, while others are only of green food colouring. They are as yummy as a doughnut can be.

Mini Grasshopper Pies

Mini pies are cute, and green ones can get even more adorable. These pies take over the candy shops around Ireland on Saint Patrick’s Day. However, you can make them all yourself with the time and inclination. They need no baking or oven; they are as simple as that.

With many Irish chefs pursuing local produce and ingredients, Irish cuisine goes from strength to strength.

Also, Don’t forget to check out our related blogs that might interest you, such as  Delightful Irish Dishes| Danny Boy Song| Famous Irish Who Made History in Their Lifetime| Digging into The Secrets of Irish Pookas| The Globally Celebrated St. Patrick Day| Irish Wedding Traditions| Famous Irish Proverbs

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