Morocco is a famous tourist destination that attracts many people worldwide. Its location is unique because it overlooks the Mediterranean and the Atlantic Ocean, so it has plenty of beautiful beaches.
Travelling to Morocco is a unique experience that will add a lot to tourists. It is a mixture of absolute pleasure and an unforgettable experience because it combines developed urban cities and incredible desert monuments where tourists can explore the remnants of past civilisations.
Moreover, its view of the Atlas Mountains attracts more tourists who like to practise winter sports. At the same time, the development and prosperity that the Kingdom is experiencing led to the building of arenas for sports such as golf, equestrian activities and wild animal hunting.
More About Morocco
Morocco contains many famous cities, including Marrakech, Casablanca, Tangier, Agadir and Fez. Today, we will talk about one of these cities, Fez, which contains many beautiful attractions, and how to enjoy your stay there. So let us discover this beautiful city in Morocco.
More Information about Fez
Fez is the second biggest city in Morocco after Casablanca, founded in 789 by Idris II. it is divided into three parts, Fez Al-Bali, the old city, New Fez, built in the 13th century, and the new French-built town.
It is located towards the northern region of Morocco. It is surrounded by Mount Thagat and Mount Zalagh, forests, agricultural lands, and water springs.
Visitors can enjoy strolling through its old alleys and discovering its unique features, such as the Moroccan-style gates and the dyeing pools scattered in the Shawara terraces.
Origin of the Name Fez
Fez refers to the word axe in Arabic, and the city was named that way when Idris I entered Morocco with his army to escape the Ottoman Empire’s despotism and used an axe to draw the line of the border of the city.
It was the capital of Morocco until 1925, and now the city is the capital of the Fez-Meknes region.
The Best Time to Visit Fez
The best time to visit the city is between March and May when the weather is moderate, but on the other hand, it is a high tourism season, so it will be more crowded and expect higher rates.
Attractions to Visit in Fez
Entering this ancient city of Fez resembles entering the One Thousand- and One-Nights’ tales with its magnificent palaces and museums steeped in history.
Fez’s archaeological landmarks resemble its long civilisation throughout the Islamic ages. Among the significant remains of these monuments are a wall and eight gates, with beautiful arches, inscriptions and central perforations above them, dating back to the Marinids era.
Fez is distinguished by its palaces built by the Marinids on the hills overlooking the rest of the city. There are old two-storey houses around narrow courtyards covered with ceramic mosaic fillings and doors decorated with engraved plaster motifs; also, gardens and orchards surround some homes.
Dar Batha Museum
Dar Al-Batha was built in 1897 by Sultan Moulay Abdel Aziz as a palace, and then in 1915, it was transformed into a museum. It contains 6000 pieces, including manuscripts, copper, marbles, coins, etc.
Inside the museum, you will find a brick room including fabulous blue tiles tinted with bright silver. Besides that, you will find an oasis full of tall palm trees in the backyard.
Al-Qarawiyyin Mosque is the most important religious and historical attraction in Fez and all of Morocco. It was built in 859 by Fatima Bint Muhammad Al-Fihri and was named after the Qarawiyyin neighbourhood inhabited by refugees from Kairouan.
The mosque has 17 doors and two pavilions meeting at both ends of the courtyard in the middle of the mosque. It is decorated with a solar clock, chandeliers, a judge’s cabin, and a wide mihrab.
Bab Bou Jeloud
Fez contains many beautiful gates, including Bab Bou Jeloud, located at the old city’s entrance on the northwest side and next to Al-Basha Al-Baghdadi Square. Going there is bound to enjoy exploring the old part of the city and taking some beautiful pictures next to the old gate.
The City Wall
Another important attraction in Fez is the city wall, dating back to Al-Nasser Al-Moahady’s era between 1199 and 1213. It surrounds Fez, interspersed with many gates named after the period of Idrisid and Zenatite rule in Morocco, and some of these gates are Bab Al-Futuh and Bab al-Hamra, etc.
Tazekka National Park
The Berbers founded Tazekka National Park in the 5th century, and it was a fort to protect the road to the fertile lands of the West. The park is full of cork trees and cedars, and you can also climb Mount Tazika to enjoy the view of those enchanting forests from a height of 1,980 metres.
Borj Nord is a magnificent attraction outside the city; you can go up a hill to see a beautiful view of the city and explore a castle from the 16th century. There you will find a museum with a collection of scarce collectables and weapons from all over the world.
Janan Sbil Gardens
Janan Sbil Gardens are excellent for relaxation and a peaceful break outside Fez and the crowded sites. It includes colourful flowers, beautiful palm trees, cacti, and other tropical plants for visitors to explore and enjoy.
Royal Palace of Fez
The Royal Palace of Fez is across from the Jewish Quarter, it used to be a residence for the sultan, and then it became a place for many government officials. Visitors can’t enter the palace, but it looks beautiful from the outside, and its gates attract visitors who always take pictures in front of it.
Mosque of the Andalusians
The Mosque of the Andalusians was built in 860 with a stunning urban pattern. You can enter the mosque through beautifully decorated gates with zellij, where you find an astonishing ceiling covered with carved wood.
The reason behind naming the mosque as such is the presence of a group of Andalusians who lived around Fez and helped in constructing the mosque. The Andalusian Mosque is considered one of the most beautiful remaining monuments and timeless masterpieces. The mosque was designed in the same style as the Al-Qarawiyyin Mosque, one of the most famous mosques in Morocco.
It is distinguished by the chapel ceiling, considered an immortal artistic monument with the beauty of its inscriptions and mosaics on its glass windows, which combine various beautiful colours.
Fes el-Bali is the oldest district in Fez and the most significant ancient city in the world that still retains its original form until now. While walking, you can see a lighthouse and Bou Inani School.
The city’s branching streets are divided into two different areas, separated by a meandering river. You will also find historical monuments and markets where you can take lovely pictures.
Nejjarine Museum of Wooden Arts & Crafts
Nejjarine Museum of Wooden Arts & Crafts is located in Nejjarine, surrounded by metalwork workshops. The place is famous for its Moroccan wood crafts, and you will see that in the engraved granary doors, ornate state treasuries, and mashrabiya window frames.
Al-Attarine is an antique market in Fez. It is located in the centre of Fes el-Bali, the old city, and is close to the Qarawiyyin Mosque. It includes shops for apothecaries, where medicinal plants emit intoxicating scents.
It is considered the busiest market in the city, where traditional medicines were sold in the past, but today it has two large gates that close in the evening.
Souk el Henna in Fez
Souk el Henna is an old market in Fez where cosmetics such as kohl, rose water, black soap, henna, and much more are sold. While visiting the market, you will find that the sellers are actually herbalists who mix up potions for your specific needs based on your request.
Not only is henna sold in the market, but you can buy many other things like handmade tiles, silver jewellery, books, wooden utensils, perfumes, beauty products, and many other things.
Fez might not be a well-known city in Morocco, but it has attractions that tourists enjoy visiting, whether markets, parks or even ancient spots. You will love exploring every part of the city and have a wonderful, unforgettable experience.