Switzerland 101: The Best Places To Visit In Switzerland


Updated On: June 04, 2024 by   Esraa MahmoudEsraa Mahmoud

Known and loved for its beautiful nature, Switzerland is one of the top places to visit for a mountain vacation. In this mountainous central European country, you can do many activities: deposit large sums of money in an account, enjoy a fondue, greet the cows in the green meadows, or discover breathtaking landscapes. No matter what season you plan to visit, there is something to do.

Switzerland is best known for the Alps, impressive glaciers, and spectacular mountain scenery. Located in the heart of Europe, Switzerland has 26 cantons, a type of administrative division of a country.

However, with so many attractions and exciting places to visit, it can be hard sometimes to decide where to go or what to do in Switzerland. Here is our guide to the most beautiful places to help you make the most of your visit.

The Matterhorn Switzerland

The Matterhorn

Majestic, that’s probably the best way to describe Matterhorn Switzerland. You most likely know this one already since it appears on the logos of many Swiss brands! The Matterhorn Switzerland is 4,478 meters high, one of the highest mountains in the Alps. Thanks to its triangular shape, it is simply unmistakable.

The Matterhorn in Switzerland has several ascent routes, but it is reserved only for experienced mountaineers. Its pyramid-like shape makes it difficult for climbers to scale this giant mountain.

In fact, during the first ascent in 1865, four alpinists lost their lives on the Matterhorn, which is also one reason for its fame.

But even from a distance, the Matterhorn in Switzerland is an exceptional experience; no wonder it is one of the country’s most photographed motifs worldwide. The Matterhorn Museum in Zermatt offers more interesting facts about the mountain.

The Matterhorn Switzerland is situated in the Aosta Valley. You can take the cable car up to 3820 meters from the Zermatt town of the Valais canton. This mountain station is the highest cable car station in the Alps. At the top is a restaurant and a tremendous view of Switzerland, Italy, and France.

It is impossible to imagine a visit to Switzerland without the Matterhorn; it is in every Swiss travel guide or picture book. Visiting the Matterhorn Switzerland should be at the top of your list of things to do in Switzerland.



Geneva is the capital of the canton of the same name. Located in southwest Switzerland, the city’s best sights include Lake Geneva, AKA Lac Leman, with the 140m-high Jet d’eau (water jet), and the old town with St. Peter’s Cathedral.

The region around Lake Geneva is lovely. In the middle of the vineyards on Lake Geneva, there is a unique pearl: the Lavaux region. Lavaux is between Montreux and Lausanne, and a trip here can be perfectly combined with a visit to one of the two cities.

Montreux and Lausanne are charming cities directly on Lac Leman, and both cities invite you to stroll, eat, or shop. Also on Lake Geneva is Vevey, a beautiful little town with a grand promenade.

Vevey, Charlie Chaplin’s former hometown, is also known for the massive art installation in the water: the Fork of Vevey! The Fork of Vevey is even registered in the Guinness Book of World Records.

In the warm season, Lake Geneva is a popular destination for divers. However, numerous other leisure activities, such as pedal and paddle boating, kite surfing, and wakeboarding, are also available here.

While in the city, we recommend taking the rack railroad to the local mountain Rochers de Naye. From the top of Rochers de Naye, you will have a breathtaking view of the Bernese, Valais and Savoy Alps and the entire Mont Blanc massif.

Swizterland’s Capital: Bern


Of course, Bern must not be missed here! Not because it is the capital of Switzerland but because the city is simply magnificent and has a lot to offer. Besides the Oberhofen Castle, Bern has another major attraction that keeps the visitors coming, the famous village of Iseltwald.

If you spend much time on Instagram, you’ve probably seen a (drone) picture of Iseltwald. The small, very photogenic community, with only about 440 inhabitants, is lovely, situated on a small peninsula on Lake Brienz.

In addition, you will find many original wooden houses, some of which date back to the 16th century. Fun fact: Iseltwald was only accessible by water for a long time until the first road was built here!

Iseltwald is a popular destination for day tourists, and there are also some vacation apartments here. Besides, there is a friendly lido in the community. Iseltwald is one of the spots you don’t want to miss on your trip to Switzerland.



Zurich is anything but an insider tip, but the city deserves to be mentioned repeatedly as it is genuinely one of the best places to visit in Switzerland.

The cosmopolitan and diverse city of Zurich is rightly considered a city with the highest quality of life in Europe. Shopping, going out or relaxing on Lake Zurich, Zurich has something for everyone.

Zurich is the largest city in Switzerland. Its landmark is the Grossmünster church. However, the city has many other sights that are not to be missed, such as the Uetliberg, Bahnhofstrasse, Lake Zurich, Sechseläutenplatz, Lindenhof, and the Old Town. There are many great things to do in Zurich.

Grossmünster: The landmark of Zurich


Grossmünster is a church in the old town of Zurich whose history dates back to the 8th century. Its characteristic double towers are the city’s landmark and can be seen far away. There are also public tours of the Grossmünster and a viewing platform on the Karlsturm.

There are regular organ concerts and night readings in the crypt for those interested in culture. There are 187 steps to the observation deck. Afterwards, you will be rewarded with a great view over Zürich.

Zurich Zoos

Countless parks and green spaces also make Zurich one of the most beautiful destinations in Switzerland. Of course, visiting the Zurich Zoo is fun for the whole family. Above all, the zoo is very concerned about species conservation and biodiversity.



Basel is one of Switzerland’s three major cities. Along with Bern and Zurich, it offers plenty to see for a two—or three-day city break.

The third-largest city in Switzerland is primarily known for its numerous museums. The cultural metropolis of Basel in the border triangle has almost 40 different museums, some of which have the best reputation worldwide.

The city has so many tourist attractions, like the Basel Cathedral, the church that is probably the city’s most famous landmark. The marketplace is in the heart of the town with the imposing city hall. The Mittlere Brücke is one of the oldest Rhine crossings.

In addition to the ones mentioned above, the Spalentor, a splendid and imposing city gateway, and the Tinguely Fountain, which depicts playful machine sculptures, are also worth visiting. Basel is one of the best places to visit in Switzerland.

Rhine Falls near Schaffhausen

Rhine Falls

One of the best things to do in Switzerland is to feast your eyes on the natural spectacle of the Rhine Falls waterfall in Schaffhausen. With a height of 23 meters and a width of 150 meters, it carries about 600,000 litres of water per second in summer, making it the largest waterfall in Europe.

Offering visitors a better view, viewing platforms are on both sides of the Rhine. In addition, boat tours of the Rhine Falls are available, taking you to Schloss Laufen. The water masses pelt down the rocks in a width of 150 meters.

The Rhine Falls basin can be reached by boat, and on specific viewing platforms, you can almost stand above or on top of the waterfall. If you love the thrill, just rent a canoe and paddle away. It will be a spectacular adventure!

Eiger, Mönch and Jungfrau: Imposing Mountain and Glacier World


At an altitude of 3,466 meters, the Jungfraujoch is among several four-thousand-meter peaks of the Bernese Alps. It is also the highest railroad station in Europe. It has several viewing platforms with fantastic views of the Eiger, Mönch, and Jungfrau, as well as the Aletsch Glacier, the largest and longest glacier in the Alps in terms of area.

This summit culminates at more than 4150 meters of altitude at the Jungfrau! You can admire a gigantic glacier, which unfortunately melts yearly, or practice typical mountain activities such as skiing, mountaineering, or paragliding.

Nearby, the Jungfraujoch is a pass connecting the Mönche and the Jungfrau. It is in the heart of the Bernese Alps between the cantons of Bern and Valais and culminates at 3471 meters of altitude. It can be reached by an astonishing railroad, and on top, you can enjoy a glorious view of the surrounding mountains.

Finally, the Eiger is a 3970-meter-high peak, and it is worth mentioning that the Eiger’s north face was one of the “great north faces of the Alps” for experienced mountaineers who often died there!

Today, many tourists come to admire this vertiginous individualized summit or even attempt its ascent. Visiting the Eiger, Mönch, and Jungfrau is one of the best things to do in Switzerland.

Furka Pass: Switzerland’s Most Spectacular Mountain Pass

Furka Pass

The 2,429-meter Furka Pass connects the cantons of Valais and Uri. At 2,272 meters above sea level, the Hotel Belvédère is Instagram’s most popular photo motif.

In the summer, a ride on the nostalgic Furka steam train from Realp to Gletsch is ideal, as it offers a beautiful view of the Gotthard massif and the Urseren Valley. Interesting fact: the James Bond movie Goldfinger scenes were also filmed on the pass in 1964.

Lake Oeschinen: One of the Most Beautiful Mountain Lakes in The Alps.

Lake Oeschinen

The Bernese Oberland is home to the Swiss Alps Jungfrau-Aletsch UNESCO World Natural Heritage Site, which now includes Lake Oeschinen. With an area of 1.1 km² and a depth of 56 meters, it is one of the largest mountain lakes in Switzerland.

In the summer, the place is especially popular as a bathing lake. For families with children, there is also a summer toboggan run in the immediate vicinity. There is also a rowing boat rental. Lake Oeschinen is one of the best places in Switzerland to enjoy it with the family.

The Magnificent Swiss National Park

Swiss National Park

The Swiss National Park was founded in 1914, making it the oldest national park in the Alps. It is a unique natural oasis in the Zernez village with a 170 km² core zone where all natural processes can operate without restriction.

For this reason, the National Park has been classified as a wilderness area by the World Conservation Union (IUCN) and thus meets the strictest international standards for protected areas.

The Swiss National Park is a wilderness landscape in the Engadine Dolomites that has been untouched by man for over 100 years (category 1a according to IUCN). Wilderness areas have become rare in Europe and are considered a haven of biodiversity, and the Swiss National Park sure is a haven!

The Swiss National Park is known for its unique flora and fauna, which can be explored on the 80-kilometer network of hiking trails. However, it is not allowed to leave the trails, even resting is only permitted on marked places. The Swiss National Park will leave you in awe!

The Beautiful Swizz Castles

One of the highlights of any trip to a foreign country is visiting the country’s enchanting old buildings, especially if these buildings are castles dating back to medieval times, and Switzerland has plenty of those!

Hallwyl Castle on Lake Hallwil Aargau

Hallwyl Castle

Hallwyl Castle is one of Switzerland’s most important moated castles. It is beautifully located and not far from Lake Hallwil. It is best to combine a visit to the castle with a walk along the lake, a boat trip or, in summer, a visit to one of the swimming pools on Lake Hallwil.

You can also walk around the lake; 3/4 of the route leads along the water and partly through the beautiful nature reserve.

Chillon Castle: Medieval moated castle on Lake Geneva.

Chillon Castle

A lake, a castle, and a mighty, snow-covered mountain backdrop can create excitement individually, but together, they are sheer greatness.

That’s why the Swiss-moated Chillon Castle in Lake Geneva, whose history dates back to 1005, attracts many visitors. The medieval castle is a real gem and one of the most visited historic buildings in Switzerland.

The Stockalper Castle

The Stockalper Castle

The Stockalper Castle is recognized by its three prominent towers with a dome. It was built in the 17th century by the merchant Kaspar von Stockalper. The wise merchant is known for numerous works, such as the mule track over the Simplon Pass, a trade route between Gondo and Brig.

Oberhofen Castle, Canton of Bern

In the Bernese Oberland, directly on the beautiful Lake Thun, lies the beautiful Oberhofen Castle in the municipality of Oberhofen. It is a real fairy-tale castle, but for some inexplicable reason, it is not well known outside the region.

The castle is in a pretty little park, and a restaurant is in the modern glass cube right next to it.

Ruinaulta: The Swiss Grand Canyon


Ruinaulta or Rhine Gorge is the name given to the 400-meter-deep and approximately 13-kilometer-long canyon of the Vorderrhein River, which runs between Ilanz and Reichenau in the canton of Graubünden. It was formed about 10,000 years ago after the Flims rockslide.

After marvelling at the canyon’s beauty, we recommend rafting through the gorges. Numerous hiking trails and viewing platforms also open up the area. At Ruinaulta, there is so much fun awaiting you.

Bernina Express: On the Panoramic Train From St. Moritz To Tirano

Bernina Express

If you think trains are boring, you haven’t heard of the Bernina Express. The route, which includes a crossing of the Alps from St. Moritz to Tirano, runs through a breathtaking UNESCO landscape, particularly visible through the train’s panoramic windows.

The journey also includes 55 tunnels, 196 bridges and railroad tracks at an altitude of up to 2,253 meters. You should not miss visiting the Bernina Express, so book your tickets in advance.

The Emmental Alps

The Emmental Alps

Situated in the Emmental Alps, the Napf, 1406 m above sea level, is the highest mountain peak of the Napfbergland and lies on the border of the cantons of Bern and Lucerne.

You can only get to the top of the mountain on foot, and there are countless beautiful hikes here. But the highlight is the view from the top of the hill, where you can enjoy a breathtaking view over the Emmental.

One of the most beautiful vantage points in the entire Emmental Valley is the Chuderhüsi tower, built entirely of wood and in the middle of the forest. It is gorgeous here at sunset when the gentle, hilly landscape of the Emmental shines in the most beautiful colours.

Ice Grotto in The Rhone Glacier

Since 1870, an accessible tunnel with an ice dam has been cut into the Rhone Glacier in the Valais. There are only a few places where you can get this close to a glacier, and the ice cave is one of them. The ice cave is usually open between the beginning of June and the end of October, and it is a must-visit location in Switzerland!

Switzerland= Chocolates!

It is well known that Switzerland is a chocolate paradise. But have you ever visited a chocolate factory? The Camille Bloch chocolate factory in Bern will show you how the famous Ragusa and Torino are produced.

Learn the history of the family business through sensory and interactive tours. Then, take part in a workshop to make your creations—you can even do this with your family, colleagues, or friends.


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