The National Gallery in London- London Attractions

National Gallery

Updated On: May 05, 2024 by   Ciaran ConnollyCiaran Connolly

The National Gallery is located in Trafalgar Square in London, the perfect place for art lovers to visit. This museum houses an extraordinary art collection, with over 2,300 paintings dating from the mid-13th century to 1900.

The National Gallery opened its doors in 1824 and was considered one of the most visited museums worldwide. The British Museum and the Metropolitan Museum of Art came after the Louvre.

When compared to the other European museums, this gallery’s collection is small but comprehensive in scope.

This gallery has collections of 13th—to 15th-century paintings by Botticelli, Duccio, and Van Eyck, 16th—century paintings by well-known artists such as Michelangelo and Leanardo, 17th-century paintings by Caravaggio and Claude, and 18th—and 20th-century paintings by Goya, Turner, Van Gogh, and much more.

National Gallery London – Places to Visit in London

The National Gallery started in 1824 when the British government bought 38 paintings from the heirs of John Julius Angerstein. After this first purchase, the gallery was shaped by its directors and private donations, which comprise about two-thirds of the collection.

This building where the Gallery is located was designed by William Wilkins from 1832 to 1838. Although the building has been expanded throughout its history, the facade of Trafalgar Square remains the same.

The building was criticised for being too small and unable to hold everything inside the gallery, so the Tate Modern Museum was opened in 1897.

The National Gallery is not just about the artwork that one will see inside; there are other experiences that one could have in this place, such as enjoying something to eat or drink, checking out events, and shopping for books, prints, and gifts.

The Collection

At the heart of The National Gallery lies its extraordinary collection of paintings, which spans over 700 years of artistic achievement. From the early Renaissance masters to the trailblazing innovators of the modern era, the gallery’s holdings offer a comprehensive overview of Western art history.

One of the collection’s highlights is its unparalleled assemblage of Italian Renaissance masterpieces. Visitors can marvel at iconic works such as Leonardo da Vinci’s “The Virgin of the Rocks,” Raphael’s “The Madonna of the Pinks,” and Titian’s “Bacchus and Ariadne,” each representing the pinnacle of artistic achievement during this transformative period.

Equally impressive is the gallery’s collection of Dutch and Flemish paintings from the Golden Age of the 17th century. Rembrandt’s hauntingly introspective portraits, Vermeer’s luminous depictions of everyday life, and Rubens’ dynamic and exuberant canvases are just a few examples of the treasures awaiting visitors in this gallery section.

The National Gallery also boasts an exceptional array of works by French Impressionists and Post-Impressionists, including masterpieces by Monet, Renoir, Van Gogh, and Cézanne. These revolutionary artists shattered convention with their bold use of colour and light, paving the way for the modernist movements of the 20th century.

In addition to its European holdings, the gallery houses an extensive collection of British paintings, ranging from the grand portraits of the Tudor and Stuart monarchs to the vibrant landscapes of the Victorian era. Notable works include Thomas Gainsborough’s “Mr and Mrs Andrews,” J.M.W. Turner’s “The Fighting Temeraire,” and John Constable’s “The Hay Wain,” all of which exemplify the diversity and richness of British artistic heritage.

Exploring the Galleries

Navigating the labyrinthine halls of The National Gallery is a journey of discovery, with each room offering a new perspective on the evolution of Western art. Visitors can wander through the Early Italian, Dutch Golden Age, and French Impressionist galleries, marvelling at the diversity of styles and subjects on display. Temporary exhibitions and unique installations enhance the gallery’s offerings, providing fresh insights into familiar works and introducing visitors to lesser-known gems.

National Gallery
National Gallery

The gallery hosts many events and activities that interest both young and old. It also offers a variety of creative classes for adults, where they can learn to draw, write, and create.

This is a great way to see a collection in a different light as you learn how to master various techniques. Many of these classes are led by artists, poets, and National Gallery lecturers.

You can also learn about collections through free, one-hour guided tours. These are a great way to meet like-minded people and discover things you might not know about paintings and artwork. They are also perfect if you’re new to the gallery.

There are free events for families and children on Sundays and holidays. These fun events and workshops allow children to get creative and learn from professionals. There are various workshops for different ages, even once for under 5s.

To learn more about events, workshops, and activities, check out the National Gallery Website.

Most people love to check art in every country they visit because they want to learn about the place’s history and culture.

The National Gallery in London is one place that brings people closer to the artistic world and teaches them more about the city’s history.

There are many reasons why tourists in London should visit the National Gallery: Firstly, it permits people to come inside for free and enjoy the work of artists like Leonardo da Vinci and Vincent Van Gogh.

Secondly, there is something for the whole family to enjoy, such as workshops, talks, and exhibitions. Thirdly, this place allows people to find inspiration, learn more about art, and escape the city and its chaos.

Education and Outreach

As a custodian of artistic heritage, The National Gallery is committed to fostering a deeper appreciation of art and culture among diverse audiences. Through its extensive educational programs and outreach initiatives, the gallery strives to make art accessible to people of all backgrounds and abilities.

School groups can participate in guided tours and workshops tailored to their specific curriculum, while families can enjoy interactive activities and storytelling sessions designed to spark creativity and imagination. Moreover, The National Gallery offers resources for teachers, including lesson plans and online learning modules, enabling educators to effectively integrate art into their classroom instruction.

Digital Innovation

The National Gallery has embraced technology to enhance the visitor experience and reach a global audience in an increasingly digital world. The gallery’s website features virtual tours, high-resolution images, and educational videos, allowing art enthusiasts to explore its collection from the comfort of their homes.

Moreover, The National Gallery has partnered with leading tech companies to develop innovative tools such as augmented reality apps and immersive VR experiences, enabling users to interact with artworks in new and exciting ways. By harnessing the power of technology, the gallery remains at the forefront of cultural innovation, bridging the gap between past and present, tradition and innovation.

Preserving the Past, Embracing the Future

As custodians of some of the world’s most precious works of art, The National Gallery takes its responsibility to preserve and protect these treasures seriously. A dedicated team of conservators works tirelessly behind the scenes to ensure the paintings remain pristine for future generations.

However, the gallery’s commitment to excellence extends beyond conservation to encompass innovation and accessibility. In recent years, The National Gallery has embraced technology to enhance the visitor experience with initiatives such as digital guides, interactive exhibits, and augmented reality tours.

Looking to the future, The National Gallery remains committed to enriching lives through art, fostering creativity, and promoting cultural understanding. By continuing to expand its collection, engage with diverse audiences, and adapt to society’s evolving needs, this venerable institution will ensure that its legacy endures for centuries to come.

Check out some of the photos below from our visit to the National Gallery:

You can visit the National Gallery daily from 10 am until 6 pm. Later nights on Friday from 10 am until 9 pm. It is also closed from January 1st and 24th to the 26th of December. The gallery is located at Trafalgar Square, London WC2N 5DN.


In a world fraught with uncertainty and division, The National Gallery serves as a testament to the enduring power of art to unite, inspire, and uplift. From its humble beginnings to its current status as a global cultural icon, the gallery continues to enrich the lives of millions of visitors each year, offering a glimpse into the beauty and complexity of the human experience.

As we wander through its hallowed halls, surrounded by the timeless creations of master artists, we are reminded of the transcendent power of creativity to transcend boundaries and connect us to something greater than ourselves. In The National Gallery, we find a repository of artistic treasures and a sanctuary for the soul, a place where the wonders of the imagination come to life, and the world’s beauty is laid bare for all to see and cherish.

Have you visited the National Gallery in London before? Or would you like to plan a trip? We would love to know!

Explore other famous London attractionsTate Modern, Houses of Parliament, St. Paul’s Cathedral, National Theatre, South Bank, Green Park.

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