Exploring Aillwee Caves in County Clare, Ireland

Aillwee cave

Updated On: May 01, 2024 by   Ciaran ConnollyCiaran Connolly

The primary purpose of this trip is to visit and check the Aillwee Caves in County Clare, Ireland. Still, before we started the journey at the cave, we went first to visit the Birds of Prey Centre—which is found in the same place—and see the different types of birds that live there. This seemed to be more enjoyable for the kids than the caves.

The Birds of Prey Centre started its journey back in 2008. The primary purpose behind its founding was to educate people and entertain them with dynamic flying displays set against the dramatic Burren landscape. The mission of this centre is to aid the conservation of Birds of Prey through visitor awareness and education and, at the same time, fundraising for Raptor conservation monitoring efforts within Ireland.

Aillwee Cave is located in the heart of the Burren in County Clare, where the most spectacular views of Galway Bay can also be found. Through the journey inside this cave, we were guided by an expert who shared the story of the place with us. This tour lasted for 30 minutes. The tour guide walked with us through the beautiful caverns: over the bridged chasms, under the weird formations, and alongside the thunderous waterfall, which might sometimes spray the visitors with its water – but it is okay – in addition to that, it is always interesting to check the frozen waterfall and at the same time see those bones of the extinct brown bears (ursos arctos) which is one of the things which you might never experience anywhere else.

You need to visit Aillwee Caves and the Bird of Prey Centre and experience it for yourself—you won’t regret it! Let us know what you enjoyed about your visit to Aillwee Caves.

Aillwee Caves – Birds of Prey Centre – County Clare Ireland

The Geological History of Aillwee Caves

The story of the Aillwee Caves begins millions of years ago, during the Carboniferous Period when Ireland was submerged beneath a shallow tropical sea. Over time, the remains of marine creatures and microscopic organisms accumulated on the sea floor, forming layers of sediment. As the Earth’s tectonic plates shifted and collided, these layers were thrust upwards, creating the majestic limestone mountains that define the Irish landscape.

During this tumultuous period of geological upheaval, the Aillwee Caves began to take shape. Rainwater, containing weak carbonic acid from the air’s carbon dioxide, seeped through the porous limestone, gradually dissolving the rock and carving out vast underground chambers and passageways. Over millions of years, this process continued, creating the intricate network of caves that we see today.

Exploring the Depths

Aillwee Caves
Aillwee Caves

For adventurous souls seeking to explore the hidden wonders of the Aillwee Caves, a guided tour offers the perfect opportunity to delve deep into the Earth’s mysteries. Led by experienced cave guides, visitors are equipped with helmets and headlamps before descending into the underground realm below.

The journey begins at the cave entrance, where a narrow passageway leads into the darkness. As visitors venture further into the depths, they are greeted by a mesmerizing array of geological formations illuminated by the soft glow of their headlamps. Stalactites hang like chandeliers from the cavern ceiling, while stalagmites rise from the cave floor, formed over millennia by the slow drip of mineral-rich water.

One of the tour’s highlights is the Great Cathedral Cave, a vast chamber adorned with towering columns and intricate calcite formations. Here, visitors can marvel at the sheer scale and beauty of nature’s handiwork as their guide shares stories of the cave’s formation and the creatures that once roamed its darkened corridors.

Fossils and Archaeological Discoveries

In addition to its geological wonders, the Aillwee Caves are also home to a wealth of archaeological and paleontological treasures. Fossilized remains of ancient bear species, including the extinct cave bear, have been discovered within the cave system, providing valuable insights into Ireland’s prehistoric past.

Evidence of human habitation has also been found within the caves, with artefacts dating back thousands of years. From stone tools to pottery fragments, these archaeological discoveries offer a fascinating glimpse into the lives of Ireland’s early inhabitants and their relationship with the natural world.

Preserving a Natural Legacy

As custodians of this natural treasure, the management team at Aillwee Caves is committed to preserving its fragile ecosystem for future generations to enjoy. Strict conservation measures are in place to protect the cave’s delicate formations and the diverse array of plant and animal life that call it home.

Visitors are reminded to tread lightly, respect the cave’s fragile environment, stay on designated pathways, and refrain from touching or disturbing the formations. By adhering to these guidelines, we can ensure that the Aillwee Caves remain a pristine wilderness for generations.

Legends of Aillwee

Beyond its geological wonders, Aillwee Caves are steeped in myth and legend, adding an extra layer of intrigue to the visitor experience. According to local folklore, the caves were once home to a fearsome creature known as the “Hag of Beara,” a monstrous being said to lurk in the darkest recesses of the underground labyrinth.

While the Hag of Beara may be a legend, the caves have a long history of human occupation, dating back thousands of years. Archaeological evidence suggests that early settlers used the caves for shelter and ceremonial purposes, and ancient artefacts provide tantalizing clues about the lives of those who once called Aillwee home.

Visiting Aillwee Caves

Aillwee Caves
Aillwee Caves

Located just outside the picturesque village of Ballyvaughan, Aillwee Caves are easily accessible by car or public transportation, making them a popular destination for visitors to County Clare and the wider Burren region. The caves are open to the public year-round, with daily guided tours.

Before embarking on a tour of Aillwee Caves, visitors are advised to dress warmly and wear sturdy footwear, as the cave environment can be relaxed and slippery. Photography is permitted throughout the caves, allowing visitors to capture the beauty of their surroundings for posterity.

In addition to the cave tours, Aillwee offers a range of amenities for visitors, including a visitor centre with exhibits on the geology and history of the caves, a gift shop featuring locally made crafts and souvenirs, and a cosy café where visitors can enjoy a warm meal or refreshing drink after their underground adventure.

Exploring Beyond Aillwee Caves

While Aillwee Caves undoubtedly steal the spotlight with their breathtaking beauty and geological marvels, the surrounding area of County Clare boasts many attractions waiting to be discovered. From rugged coastal cliffs to historic castles and quaint villages, some must-visit destinations near Aillwee Caves promise to enrich your journey through this enchanting corner of Ireland.

1. The Cliffs of Moher

The Cliffs of Moher Tour – County Clare, Ireland

Arguably one of Ireland’s most iconic natural landmarks, the Cliffs of Moher rise dramatically from the Atlantic Ocean, towering over 200 meters above the waves below. Stretching for over 14 kilometres along the Clare coast, these majestic cliffs offer panoramic views that will take your breath away. Visitors can stroll along the cliff-top pathways, taking in the awe-inspiring vistas and marvelling at the sheer power of the ocean below.

2. Bunratty Castle and Folk Park

Step back at Bunratty Castle and Folk Park, where history comes to life amidst a medieval fortress and recreated 19th-century village. Explore the imposing stone walls of the castle, wander through thatched cottages and rural farmsteads, and experience the sights and sounds of Ireland’s past. Don’t miss the chance to enjoy a traditional medieval banquet within the castle walls, complete with hearty fare and lively entertainment.

3. The Burren National Park

Discover a landscape at the Burren National Park, a unique expanse of limestone pavement, rolling hills, and hidden valleys. This rugged terrain has many flora and fauna, including rare wildflowers, elusive birds, and ancient archaeological sites. Hike along scenic trails, explore hidden caves and rock formations, and immerse yourself in the natural beauty of this UNESCO Global Geopark.

4. Doolin Village

Discovering Doolin Village ( County Clare _ ireland )

Famed for its lively traditional music scene and warm hospitality, Doolin Village is a charming hub for visitors exploring the Clare coast. Stroll through the village’s quaint streets, popping into cosy pubs and artisan shops. For the adventurous, Doolin also serves as a gateway to the Aran Islands and the spectacular sea caves of the Cliffs of Moher.

5. Poulnabrone Dolmen

Journey back to Ireland’s ancient past at Poulnabrone Dolmen, a Neolithic portal tomb dating back over 5,000 years. Perched atop a windswept limestone plateau in the heart of the Burren, this iconic monument is shrouded in mystery and folklore. Marvel at the simplicity and significance of this ancient structure, pondering the rituals and beliefs of the people who built it millennia ago.

6. Lahinch Beach

Unwind and soak up the sun at Lahinch Beach, a sandy stretch of coastline beloved by surfers, swimmers, and beachcombers alike. Whether catching waves in the Atlantic surf or simply lounging on the sand with a good book, Lahinch offers the perfect escape from the hustle and bustle of everyday life. After a day of seaside adventures, treat yourself to a delicious meal at one of the village’s charming cafes or seafood restaurants.


In the heart of County Clare, beneath the rolling hills and verdant pastures, lies a hidden world of wonder and beauty – the Aillwee Caves. From its ancient geological formations to its rich archaeological heritage, this underground labyrinth offers a glimpse into the Earth’s storied past and a chance to connect with the natural world profoundly and meaningfully.

So, if you find yourself drawn to the allure of adventure and exploration, why not embark on a journey into the depths of the Aillwee Caves? With each step, you’ll uncover a new marvel, a new mystery, waiting to be discovered beneath the surface of the Earth.

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