Azuma, the Bullet Train: From London to Edinburgh in a Breeze

Azuma, the bullet train

Updated On: May 23, 2024 by   Noha BasiounyNoha Basiouny

In the realm of rail transportation, few innovations have captured public attention like the introduction of the Azuma trains. Operated by London North Eastern Railway (LNER), these sleek and modern trains have redefined travel on the historic East Coast Main Line, connecting London with key cities in the north of England and Scotland.

Drawing inspiration from Japan’s legendary Shinkansen bullet trains, the Azuma trains represent a leap forward in speed, efficiency, and passenger comfort. Since their debut in 2019, they have not only enhanced the travel experience for millions of passengers but also set new standards for environmental sustainability and technological advancement in the UK’s rail network.

This article delves into the features, impact, and future prospects of the Azuma trains and explores how they are transforming rail travel in and out of London.

Azuma Trains

The Azuma trains are a fleet of modern, high-speed trains built by the renowned Japanese company Hitachi Rail and operated by London North Eastern Railway (LNER) in the United Kingdom, in a cooperation more like a breakthrough for both parties. The Hitachi Rail had the chance to show their superiority in the field to a gigantic client such as the UK, the home of rail.

So, Hitachi and LNER worked tirelessly for years to bring their vision to life and they eventually did. The Azuma trains have been designed to provide a faster, more reliable, and comfortable travel experience on the East Coast Main Line (ECML), making a significant leap in rail technology and passenger service.

Finally, in a momentous unveiling ceremony attended by dignitaries, industry leaders, and railway enthusiasts, the Azuma train was introduced to the world. Its sleek lines, modern interiors, and promise of high-speed travel captured the imagination of all who witnessed its debut, signalling a new era in British rail transportation.

So, what is this Azuma train like? 

With a typical shape as the bullet train, the Azuma train features a lightweight aluminium body that improves energy efficiency and reduces track wear. It is available in both electric and bi-mode variants, which it can switch between to enable seamless operation on both electrified and non-electrified sections of the network.

With such and more capabilities, the Azuma train can reach speeds of nearly 200 km/h. Additionally, this train is designed with environmental sustainability in mind, featuring energy-efficient technologies that reduce carbon emissions and lower operational costs.


Azuma, the bullet train

Introduced into service by LNER in 2019, the Azuma trains are operating on the East Coast Main Line, one of the UK’s major rail arteries that connects London King’s Cross with key cities such as Edinburgh, Leeds, York, and Newcastle. The introduction of the Azuma trains on this route has significantly improved travel times and service reliability.

The frequency of the Azuma train departures varies based on the specific route and time of day. On the East Coast Main Line, which is the Azuma train’s primary route, the general frequency is quite high, especially between major cities. 

For example, trains travelling between London and Edinburgh usually depart every 30 minutes to an hour during peak hours and every one to two hours during off-peak hours. If going from London to Leeds, there is a departure typically every half hour during busy hours and every hour during off-peak times.

The same goes for trips between London and York. London-to-Newcastle services generally depart every hour, with additional trains being provided during peak periods.

Since their debut, the Azuma trains have been well-received by passengers, who praise the comfort, reliability, and quality of the travel experience offered. The trains’ advanced technology and design have contributed to more efficient rail operations, reducing delays and improving punctuality on the East Coast Main Line.

As passenger numbers continue to rise, the increased capacity of the Azuma trains addresses this growing demand as well. With more carriages and seating options available, the trains can accommodate a much larger number of passengers without compromising on comfort or service quality.

The Azuma Experience

Azuma, the bullet train

The Azuma trains are equipped with a range of onboard facilities to enhance passenger comfort and convenience. Ergonomically designed seats provide ample legroom and are equipped with power sockets and USB ports, ensuring that passengers will keep their devices charged throughout the journey. The seats are also adjustable, allowing passengers to find their preferred seating position.

In addition to this, the enhanced lighting and climate control systems the trains are equipped with create a highly comfortable and pleasant environment, no matter what the weather outside is like.

The Azuma trains also offer free Wi-Fi for all passengers, making it easy to browse the internet, check emails, or stream content during the journey. This service is particularly beneficial for business travellers who need to stay productive on the go.

Now, to the fun part. Depending on the train configuration, passengers can enjoy refreshment areas that offer a selection of hot and cold drinks, snacks, and sometimes even light meals. Such amenities contribute to a more pleasant experience for passengers travelling on economy. For those in First Class, complimentary food and drink services are often provided, adding an extra layer of luxury and convenience.

All Azuma trains are fully accessible and designed to accommodate passengers with diverse needs. This includes dedicated wheelchair spaces, accessible toilets, and features such as priority seating and wider aisles to facilitate easy movement throughout the train. The design of the trains also ensures that all passengers, including those with reduced mobility, can travel comfortably and with dignity.

Keeping passengers informed is also a priority on the Azuma trains. Advanced digital information systems are installed throughout the trains, providing real-time travel updates. These digital screens display crucial information such as upcoming stops, estimated arrival times, and any potential service disruptions.

Scenic Journey from London to Edinburgh

Travelling onboard an Azuma train from London to Edinburgh offers a unique and picturesque experience that combines the convenience of modern rail travel with the beauty of the British countryside, a journey that typically takes four hours and fifteen minutes. 

This four-hour-fifteen-minute journey begins at London King’s Cross, one of the city’s most historic and bustling railway stations. As the train departs, passengers get a glimpse of the city’s iconic landmarks, such as the British Library and the historic St. Pancras Renaissance Hotel, which sets the stage well for the adventure ahead.

Once the train speeds northward, it soon leaves the urban sprawl of London behind and enters the rolling hills and green fields of Hertfordshire and Cambridgeshire. This part of the journey offers serene views of the English countryside, dotted with quaint villages, farms, and historic market towns. Passengers can enjoy the sight of lush meadows, grazing livestock, and the occasional ancient church spire rising above the landscape.

Continuing north, the train travels through Yorkshire, a region known for its rugged beauty and charming towns. The route passes through the historic city of York, with its magnificent medieval architecture, including the iconic York Minster. As the train moves on, passengers can admire the dramatic scenery of the Yorkshire Dales, with their distinctive dry stone walls, green valleys, and heather-covered moors.

Further along the route, the train crosses the River Wear and arrives in the historic city of Durham. The stunning Durham Cathedral and Durham Castle, both UNESCO World Heritage Sites, can be seen from the train, perched on a hill overlooking the river. This section of the journey provides a sense of the deep historical roots that run through the region.

One of the highlights of the journey is the stretch along the Northumberland coast. Here, the train offers breathtaking views of the rugged coastline, sandy beaches, and ancient castles. Passengers can spot the impressive Bamburgh Castle, standing majestically on a rocky outcrop, and the Holy Island of Lindisfarne, known for its religious history and natural beauty.

Add to this the sight of the North Sea, with its changing colours and moods, which adds a dramatic backdrop to this part of the trip.

As the train approaches Scotland, the landscape begins to change, with the rolling hills giving way to the rugged scenery of the Scottish Borders. The final leg of the journey brings passengers into Edinburgh, where the majestic Edinburgh Castle dominates the skyline, perched atop Castle Rock.

The train arrives at Edinburgh Waverley Station, situated in the heart of the city, providing easy access to the rich cultural and historical attractions of Scotland’s capital.


Travelling on an Azuma train embodies the essence of modern rail travel. With its sleek design, spacious interiors, and cutting-edge amenities, passengers are treated to a journey that is both comfortable and efficient. Azuma’s increased capacity not only meets the rising demand for rail travel but also sets a new standard for accessibility and inclusivity, catering to passengers of all abilities.

So, when it comes to travelling from London to Edinburgh, the Azuma experience is pleasant on every level and definitely worth having as it offers passengers the chance to relax and immerse themselves in the rich landscapes and cultures of Britain and Scotland.

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