Australia Travel Statistics
Australia often referred to as Down Under is the smallest of Earth’s seven continents. It is located in the southern hemisphere close to South Asia and surrounded by the Pacific Indian and settlement oceans. Most of Australia especially the centre has an orange colour to red, that’s because most of Australia is desert. Its average temperature during summer is 30 degrees Celsius and 15 degrees Celsius during winter.
Australia has a population of around 23.8 million people. If you look at the sheer size of Australia about 7.700000 square kilometres, you’ll realize that it’s just a minuscule number. Statistically, it is just around three people per square kilometre. The population density is not evenly distributed across Australia. Most Australians live close to the eastern coast which in comparison to the rest is cooler and more humid. The population in Central Australia is around 55.000 people. Its size is about 546.000 square kilometres making the population density just a person per square kilometre. It is estimated that around 40% of the population of Central Australia is of Aboriginal origin.
Most of the population migrated from Europe, the US and Asia. That’s also one reason why Australia has a western and modern society. Why did people actually start migrating to Australia? Australia’s history starts somewhere around 40000Bc to 70000BC when the first humans migrated from Southeast Asia to Australia and settled down, most likely during the glacial period when the sea level was around 140 metres below the current level. These migrations are presumed to be some of the earliest migrations from Africa. It is believed that early humans travelled from Central Africa to West Asia, South Asia and later on to Southeast Asia.
Several thousand years passed while the Aboriginal Australian tribes populated parts of Australia. They recognized themselves in hundreds of tribes, most of which have their own language and dialects. The emergence developed a hunter-gatherer lifestyle and had spiritual and artistic traditions. Researchers have discovered rock paintings and engravings some of which are dated back to 26.000 BC. Most of these paintings are dedicated to the aboriginal religions which now get summed up as Dreamtime. Aboriginals believed that Dreamtime was a period of time at the very beginning of existence. Everything the people, animals, the land, the tools and even dreams were created by sacred ancestors during that time. That’s the reason why Aboriginal tribes don’t think that they can own land but rather be part of it. They believed that their ancestors lived in a place where space and time are non-existent and that all the knowledge got accumulated over generations and that one can access the ancestors’ knowledge since everything is connected.
In 1606, Willem Janszoon, a Dutch navigator, was the first European to discover the Australian coast when travelling from today’s Jakarta to New Guinea. Although he discovered the continent, he did not really explore the coastline. The actual size of the continent was still unknown at that point. In the late 18th century, expeditions were undertaken by British cartographer, James Cook who claimed Australia’s Eastcoast for Britain and discovered and named Botany Bay.
The first British colony was set up in 1788 in New South Wales where Bay and Sydney were founded. The reason behind the establishment of this colony eroded overcrowded prisons in Britain. In Britain life was hard. Many people were poor, crime rates were high and punishments were strict. To help the situation, Britain decided to set up penal colonies to relieve British prisons. First, it was peace between Aborigines and settlers which quickly changed when settlers occupied large amounts of land that they used for agriculture. These lands were previously used by Aborigines to hunt and gather food.
In 1795 the situation escalated into two wars between the British and the Aboriginal tribes. The conflict lasts until 1816. The Aboriginal tribes could not set a chance against the British army which was superior because of its weapons and military experience. The British also unwittingly used a little bio-weapon similar to the one used in America. It is the disease of Smallpox which killed a vast percentage of Aborigines.
Later in 1851, a large number of people migrated to Australia when gold is discovered. This was the first big wave of migration after the British colonization. There were other ways of immigration such as the one after the second World War. People from countries like Germany, Great Britain and Scandinavia came after the war to flee from the destroyed countries to start a new life. In the 20th century, from around 1910 to 1970, children of mixed raced parents were violently taken away by the government without any legal process which is called the Stolen Generation. An act signed in 1909, The Aborigines Protection Act was active for 60 years and allowed the government to steal mixed-race children from the Aborigines and hold onto them until the age of 18.
The reasons behind passing the act include the belief that Aborigines died out since there was a drastic decrease in the original population of the first contact as well as the idea that mixed-race children could be trained to work and be integrated into European-Australian society. The stolen children were raised in special camps set up by the government. They lived in horrific conditions. Any attempts to flee led to hard punishments. Some children were taken into care to protect them from abuse. Since 1998, the 26th of May is known as the National Sorry Day, a day when people across Australia remembered the mistreatment of the stolen generation. So, Australia has an amazing history going back thousands of years before the time of colonization. Australia is a modern country with a truly multi-ethnic population. It now represents a large and growing economy which is competitive at a global level.
What is The Australian Bureau of Statistics?
The function of the Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) is to aid and encourage research and discussion and informed decision‑making, within governments and the community, by conducting high-quality, responsive and objective national statistical service (NSS). The ABS is Australia’s official national statistical agency, delivering essential official statistics on a broad range of environmental, economic, and social issues.
Total Overseas Arrivals – Recent Months:
The total overseas arrivals data covers from March 2021 to April 2022. The total overseas arrivals in March 2021 was 31.99 international border crossings. April 2021 witnesses a small increase at 53.91 crossings. There was a dramatic increase in May and June at 114.52 crossings and 102.48 crossings respectively.
The number of the international border crossings observed decreased in May 2021 to 74.86 crossings. From August 2021 to October 2021, the numbers were steady low. August 2021 witnessed 27.02 crossings. The numbers observed in September and October were 18.85 crossings and 16.63 crossings respectively.
The numbers started to noticeably increase from November 2021 at 72.26 crossings. From December 2021 to April 2022, the numbers were regularly increasing. The number of crossings observed in December 2021 was 196.17 crossings. January 2022 witnessed 265.26 crossings. There was another slight increase in February 2022 at 271.26 crossings. March 2022 increased by 103.37 crossings at 374.63 crossings. April 2022 witnessed a significant increase at 575.53 crossings.
The highest number of international border crossings from March 2021 to April 2022 was 575.53 crossings in April 2022. While the minimum number of international border crossings was 16.63 crossings in October 2021.
Total Overseas Departures – Recent Months:
The total overseas departure data covers from March 2021 to April 2022. The total overseas departure in March 2021 was 31.31 international border crossings. April witnessed a slight increase at 63.92 crossings.
Numbers from May 2021 to November 2021 were fluctuating. The numbers observed in May were 107.23 crossings which reflected a significant increase from April 2021. June 2021 had a total number of 98.35 crossings. While July witnessed a decrease at 87.02 crossings.
The number of crossings in August 2021 was observed at 37.24 crossings. September 2021 witnessed another decrease at 30.33 crossings. October 2021 had a total of 36.83 crossings. While November 2021 had 91.12 crossings.
December 2021 witnessed a dramatic increase at 227.24 crossings. From January 2022 to March 2022, the numbers were fluctuating. The total number of crossings in January 2022 was 188.21 crossings. While 2022 had a total of 176.26 crossings.
March 2022 witnessed a significant increase at 335.24 crossings. There was another dramatic increase in April 2022 at 611.03 crossings. The highest number of crossings from March 2021 to April 2022 was 611.03 crossings in April 2022. While the minimal number of crossing over the same period of time was 30.33 crossings in September 2021.
Top Attractions in Sydney
Beautiful Sydney, Australia’s oldest, largest and most urbane metropolis has something unique to offer every visitor. Broad sandy beaches and picturesque excursions make the harbour city the ideal vacation spot for anyone seeking sun, sand and sea. Sydney, a compact city surrounded by national parks, is also a good starting point for exploring Australia’s many natural landscapes, whether exploring the heights of the harbour bridge or exploring the natural tourist sites in Sydney. The capital of New South Wales never disappoints as a travel destination.
Bondi Beach: It is located 7 kilometres from Sydney’s Central business district. It is a mile-long stretch of golden sand lined with red-tiled roofed homes, apartments and green spaces. The crescent-shaped beach is bordered by a promenade that runs parallel to the sand. It is a popular destination for swimmers, surfers sunbathers and bodybuilders. The south end of the beach is generally reserved for surfers because it has the roughest waves and the strongest riptides. For fantastic ocean views, take a walk along the cliffs from Bandi to Kuji beach.
Royal Botanic Garden Sydney: The royal botanic gardens established in 1816 is located between the Sydney Opera House and the domain public green space. The urban park which faces the port is home to more than 7500 plant species, many of which are native to Australia. The tropical centre with plants housed in pyramid-shaped greenhouses, and the rare and threatened species gardens include an ancient Wollemi Pine, a kind of tree that dates back to 200 million years. The park is free to enter and there are also free-guided excursions available.
The Rocks: The Rocks is the city’s most ancient district located between the harbour bridge and the northern edge of Sydney’s central business district. The Rocks, so named because of its rocky beach, was Australia’s first European settlement at the start of the country’s convict history. By the late 1800s, the neighbourhood had devolved into a slum with pubs and brothels dotting the small alleyways and crime was rife. The city embarked on a massive restoration initiative in the 1970s to conserve the district’s ancient residences and warehouses. The revitalized area is now a major tourist destination with art galleries, fashionable boutiques, contemporary eateries and souvenir shops.
Australian National Maritime Museum: The Australian National Maritime Museum which is located in Sydney’s freshly refurbished darling harbour, is the most renowned for its historic seafaring vessels which include the 19th-century tall ship, James Craig, in a full-scale reproduction of captain James’s cook endeavour. From the discovery of the land down under to the country’s naval defence in World War II and beyond, the museum’s seven primary galleries depict the country’s nautical history. There are tickets available that include admission to the museum as well as excursions of several of the moored vessels.
Chinese Garden of Friendship: The gorgeous and quiet Chinese Garden of Friendship located at the southern end of the darling harbour is a delight to meander around. The gardens which were designed in Guangzhou Sydney’s sister city are an oasis of quiet in the city with meticulously planted water features, rock gardens and pavilions that highlight the Chinese heritage and culture. The beautiful garden which represents the two countries’ friendship was initially opened in 1988 to commemorate Australia’s bicentennial. It includes attractive rocks and ponds with exotic flowers, plants and trees located adjacent to a traditional tea house and glazed terracotta dragon wall which is a solid favourite with locals and tourists alike.
Taronga Zoo: The world-class Taronga Zoo located in Sydney’s Mosman neighbourhood on the harbours hillsides gives visitors a close-up of Australia’s indigenous wildlife as well as animals from around the world. The zoo’s roar and snore experience allows visitors to remain overnight to see nocturnal species and an intimate tour which involves guides who narrate aboriginal life stories. Even though the zoo is accessible by vehicle or bus, most visitors prefer to take a short ferry journey to the nearest port. The zoo’s entrance is reached through a brief gondola ride from there. Tickets to the zoo that include ferry and gondola rides are available.
Art Gallery of New South Wales: The excellent Art Gallery of New South Wales is located in the domain not far from Saint Marry’s cathedral. It is one of the country’s largest and best museums with a collection of more than 40.000 paintings, photographs, sketches and sculptures. The large museum which was founded in 1872 is housed in the stately neoclassical Vernon building which is surrounded by lovely grassland. Incredible European, Asian and Australian artworks may be found in its wide light-filled galleries with a large part dedicated to wonderful and indigenous artists from across the country.
Sea Life Aquarium Sydney: Sea Life Aquarium is a public aquarium that showcases a wide range of Australian aquatic life with over 700 species and over 13.000 individual fish and other sea and water creatures from all of Australia’s water environments on display. It was opened in 1988 and it is considered one of Sydney’s top tourist attractions with over 55% of tourists coming from outside the country each year. It is located on the eastern side of the darling harbour to the north of the Piermont bridge. Jurassic seas, discovery rock pools, shark walk and the world’s largest barrier reef display are among the 14 themed zones within the aquarium. visitors will see wildlife unique to each environment along the way including one of only four dugongs on show in the world as well as sharks, stingrays, penguins and tropical fish.
Sydney Harbour Bridge: The historic Sydney Harbour Bridge serves as both a means of traversing the bay is a popular tourist attraction. The arch of the bridge which stands for 440 feet above sea level and spans of 1.654 feet was completed in 1932. The city opened the bridge climb attraction in 1998 which allows brave guests to climb to the top of the arch. During the three and a half hour ascend and descend, participants are outfitted with protective gear and attached to wire lifeline.
Sydney Opera House: Sydney Opera House is one of the most recognized buildings and one of the world’s most prestigious performing art facilities. It is located in Sydney’s central business centre district on the shoreline of Bennelong Point and is surrounded by the breathtaking backdrop of Sydney harbour in the Royal Botanic Gardens. The Sydney Opera House is considered a 20the century architectural marvel was conceived and built by architect Jørn Utzon to resemble a massive sailing ship. The structure is 600 feet long and 394 feet wide with characteristics of roof shells that resemble billowing sails, Joan Sutherland Theatre, Drama Theatre, the multi-purpose Utzon room and the concert hall which house the world’s biggest mechanical tracker action organ are among the many venues contained within the edifice.
Top 10 Attractions in Melbourne
The city of Melbourne is a coastal metropolis with a cosmopolitan vibe. It is widely regarded as Australia’s cultural capital. There are galleries, museums, and nature reserves in Melbourne. There is a wealth of architecture to be found ranging from Victorian structures to modern designs. Melbourne is a clear winner for an Australian getaway with great food, nightlife, shopping and sports. Here is the top 10 attractions of Melbourne:
Royal Exhibition Building: Make your way to Carlton district to see the Royal Exhibition building which is a site to behold. The structure was built in 1880 and served as the first Australian Federal Parliament’s meeting venue. While fire has destroyed part of the structure, the main hall still survives with an impressive doomed roof. The Royal Exhibition Building is a popular venue for local events and conventions, but you may take a self-guided during open hours. You can explore the amazing galleries, gorgeous furniture, and impressive designs of Joseph Reed, the building’s original architect.
Dandenong Ranges National Park: The Dandenong Ranges are a must-see destination in Malbourne with deep rainforests, long walking excursions, small towns with box-like stores and views of massive mountain ash forests, waterfalls and hidden historical gems. The classic Puffing Billy train ride is one of the most famous narrow gauge railways saunters through slow winds and scenery worthy of a lifetime. If you are in the area, a trip to the gorgeous Sherbrooke forest, the peaceful settlement of Sassafras and the Dandenong Ranges National Park is a must.
Federation Square: This historical monument, also known as Fed Square, is Australia’s largest free internet zone. Its ultra-modern design plays host to around 2000 events each year. This Melbourne tourist destination set among the fascinating Victorian architectural masterpieces includes entertainment zones in its centre, an outdoor performance arena and intimate inside amphitheatres. This is a popular gathering site for residents. It is also a spot you’ll surely pass through because it is the major hub of transportation in the city’s visitor centre. Come for the attractions but stay for a while to sample some of the local fairs at the sidewalk cafes and pubs.
National Gallery of Victoria: Melbourne is home to Australia’s largest, oldest and most magnificent art museum. The National Gallery of Victoria or NGV as it is called among locals houses a vast collection of important works of art. The NGV is divided into two sections, the first is the NGV International which is located in St. Kilda. Art from Europe, Asia and America can be found there. Indigenous people. Early colonial migrants and contemporary Australian artists are represented in the Ian Potter Centre.
Melbourne Cricket Ground: The Melbourne Cricket Ground is the country’s largest in one of the world’s largest cricket stadiums located in Yarra Park. Locals refer to the stadium as the g. The Melbourne Cricket Ground which is which was built in the mid-19th century is constantly being renewed or remodelled. The Melbourne Cricket Ground is worth a visit even if you’re not able to attend a cricket match while you are in town. You are welcome to see it when visiting the National Sports Museum which is also on the premises.
Melbourne Zoo: The Melbourne Zoo is located in the city’s Parkville district. This zoo is unique in that the animals are housed in natural settings with habitats designed for animal comfort rather than visitor viewing. While there are many local animals at the Melbourne zoo, there are also some less common species. Don’t miss the wild sea exhibit where you can get up close and personal with penguins and seals. The Baboon lookout is also noteworthy as it is a spectacular location where you can search for members of a large Baboon family. The zoo also has a 19th-century English Carousel that children will enjoy riding.
Hosier Lane: You can explore Hosier Lane to add some local flavour to your trip to Melbourne. Hosier Lane, just a short walk from the Yarra rivers banks, is the epicentre of local street art and culture. The stone pathway is flanked by walls that serves as canvases and are embellished with a variety of pieces. You can admire hastily doodled sketches next to murals painted in bold bright colors. Take a camera and wander up and down the lane on your own or join a guided tour. Since you are already in the neighbouthood, continue walking until you reach Rutledge, a lesser known but equally impressive gallery street in the area.
Royal Botanic Gardens: The Royal Botanic Gardens in Melbourne are among the best in the world. The gardens were founded in 1846 and have two locations, Melbourne and Cranbourne. The Royal Botanic Gardens are located in the affluent South Yarra neighbourhood. The lush green oasis is just steps from Melbourne’s heart but it feels a million miles away. You can walk along the Australian forest walk within the Royal Botanic Gardens admiring local species and plant life along the way. On the shore, you can take a short guided tour on a punt, a small that allows you to see the garden from a different angle.
Eureka Tower: Eureka tower, Melbourne’s tallest observation deck, is located right in the heart of the city. If you want to see a panoramic view of the city, this is the only place to go. When you go there, you use one of the twin elevators. You’ll be whisked from the ground level to the 88th floor in under 40 seconds. If you feel brave, you can swap the skydeck views for the thrills of the edge. The edge is a glass square with a clear floor that provides unparalleled views from every angle.
Queen Victoria Market: The Queen Victoria Market is a must-see attraction in Melbourne. It is a massive open-air market, one of the biggest in the world that dates back to the 19th century. Locals refer to uit as the Queen Vic or simply Vic Market. The name is not derived from the queen but from its location at the intersection of Queen and Victoria streets. It is a great place to find fresh and speciality produce handmade and unique products, great coffee and food, souvenirs and clothing. It is home to over 600 small businesses. The best way to experience the market is on foot, strolling through the stalls and vendors selling everything from fresh farm vegetables to handmade jewellery, to speciality clothing items.